16 April 2011

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Circa 50-60 million BC. Giants Causeway hexagonal basalt stones  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 1

Published Estimate: €3000-4000

Price Realised: €2000

  • A collection of four hexagonal basalt column sections similar to those found in the Giants Causeway, Co Antrim. They have been situated in the garden of a County Donegal home for the at least fifty years and it is possible that they were acquired from Kennedy Quarries, Portrush in the vicinity of what is now land belonging to the National Trust. Similar examples were auctioned at Summers Place Auctions in association with Sotheby’s on 19 October 2010 (lot 132) and realised £18,500. The Giant's Causeway is today owned and managed by the National Trust and it is the most popular tourist attraction in Northern Ireland. Some 50 to 60 million years ago, during the Paleogene period, Antrim was subject to intense volcanic activity, when highly fluid molten basalt intruded through chalk beds to form an extensive lava plateau. As the lava cooled rapidly, contraction occurred. While contraction in the vertical direction reduced the flow thickness (without fracturing), horizontal contraction could only be accommodated by cracking throughout the flow. The size of the columns is primarily determined by the speed at which lava from a volcanic eruption cools. The extensive fracture network produced the distinctive columns seen today. The basalts were originally part of a great volcanic plateau called the Thulean Plateau which formed during the Paleogene period. Legend has it that the Irish warrior Fionn mac Cumhaill (Finn McCool) built the causeway to walk to Scotland to fight his Scottish counterpart Benandonner

    Examples of these stones in private collections are extremely rare as the Causeway area has been National Trust property for many years and it is illegal to remove anything from the site.

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c1000BC: Bronze age Irish gold ring money  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 2

Published Estimate: €2000-3000

Price Realised: €3400

  • Provenance: Provenance:Found by Thomas Johnston, Cork, in the late 19th century, thence by descent.
  • Penannular double ring example of circular section with square-cut ends, from the Cork area. Weight 10.8 grams.

    Pre Christian Ireland had a very precise set of laws which usually involved a payment by the perpetrator of a crime to the victim or the victim's family. The punishment for default was death. The records of these laws (mostly dating from Christian era documents) state that slaves and cattle were an accepted medium of large exchange. Presumably smaller exchanges were made on a similar basis with tools and ornaments. There are a number of gold and gold plated rings found in Irish and other Celtic contexts referred to as 'ring money'. The variation in the quality and standard of these pieces does not suggest a fixed denomination but rather that these items were used like hack silver and assayed at every exchange. The gold plated pieces are a problem in this context as they do not seem to be likely to have been made in imitation of solid pieces nor would they have been easy to assay. Hoards of Irish Celtic gold ornaments often consist of quantities of cloak fasteners suggesting that these items were used as a medium of exchange rather than just for fastening cloaks. But as with the ring money there is no evidence for a fixed series of weights and measures being used in their manufacture. We are grateful to John Stafford Langan, www.irishcoinage.com, for this note.

    For other early coinage of Ireland including Viking silver pennies, see lots 468-474

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1152-1827: Liber Munerum Publicorum Hiberniae or The Establishments of Ireland  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 3

Published Estimate: €750-1000

Price Realised: €0

  • Dimensions: 44 by 28cm., 17.5 by 11in.
  • Two volumes printed in seven sections or parts, a scarce official British report relating to Ireland and Irish officials for the years 1152 to 1827 printed 1824/1852.

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14th Century: Leaf from Petrus Lombardus' Quatuor Libri Senteniarum  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 4

Published Estimate: €300-400

Price Realised: €360

  • Medium: illuminated manuscript on vellum, framed
  • Dimensions: 28 by 18cm., 11 by 7in.
  • A leaf from Quatuor Libri Sententiarum, a famous work by Petrus Lombardus, which became a standard university textbook of theology in medieval universities. With comtemporary marginal notes, in a double sided frame

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circa 1420: Leaf from a Book of Hours  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 5

Published Estimate: €200-300

Price Realised: €320

  • Medium: Illuminated manuscript on vellum, framed
  • Dimensions: 17 by 11cm., 6.5 by 4.5in.
  • A leaf from the Book of Hours, a devotional book popular in the Middle Ages. It was developed for lay people who wished to incorporate elements of monasticism into their devotional life. In double sided frame

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1592: King Philip II of Spain signed land grant warrant  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 6

Published Estimate: €300-400

Price Realised: €300

  • Medium: manuscript
  • Dimensions: 30 by 22cm., 12 by 8.5in.
  • Interesting land grant warrant issued by King Phillip II of Spain and signed by him on the 22nd of October 1592. Relating to land at the Residencia de Ronda, Aragon Spain involving Chunasco Aquilar and Antonio Vazquez. With engraved portrait of King Philip

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17th Century Manuscript in Italian - Political Warning from Cardinal Ludovisi to Pope Gregory XV.  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 7

Published Estimate: €500-700

Price Realised: €500

  • Medium: manuscript pp59 bound later in boards, housed in clamshell red cloth bound box
  • Dimensions: 25 by 19cm., 10 by 7.5in.
  • Ludovico Ludovisi (1595-1632) was created a cardinal at the age of 25 by his uncle Pope Gregory XV, shortly after his election. He became the pope’s right hand man and was known as Cardinale Padrone (“Cardinal Boss”). In his short life he served the Pope as a diplomat and political adviser. He was also renkowned as a connoisseur of the arts. This document contains political advice.

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17th Century: Map of The Barony of Udrone, County Carlow.  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 8

Published Estimate: €150-250

Price Realised: €0


1610: John Speed maps of Leinster, Munster and Connaught  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 9

Published Estimate: €300-500

Price Realised: €450

  • Dimensions: 38 by 51cm., 15 by 20in.
  • Three John Speed 17th Century engraved maps of Leinster with an inset town plan of Dublin. Munster with inset town plan of Cork and Connaught with inset town plan of Galway. All three framed with the title and scale displayed in decorative strapwork cartouches and large compass rose, ship and sea monster in bottom right hand corner.

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1647: Rare Joannes Janssonius (Jan Jansson) Novus Atlas of Britain with complete set of Irish maps  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 10

Published Estimate: €10000-15000

Price Realised: €9500

  • Medium: contemporary vellum binding
  • Dimensions: 51 by 33cm., 20 by 13in.
  • Very rare complete 17th Century Dutch atlas of Joannes Janssonius (Jan Jansson) Novus Atlas Magna Britannia, seu Angilae. Scotia et Hibernia. Published in Amsterdam. Sixty five double page maps in contemporary hand colouring, including the rare map of Ireland and the four provincial maps of Ulster, Munster, Connacht and Leinster.

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1647 (14 October) letter concerning accounts of Captains John Cunningham, John Sanford, Richard Harrison, etc.  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 11

Published Estimate: €200-300

Price Realised: €190


1662: Johannis Blaeu Atlas Hibernia  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 12

Published Estimate: €4000-6000

Price Realised: €0

  • Medium: half leather, marbled boards 47pp
  • Dimensions: 53 by 33cm., 21 by 13in.
  • Containing six scarce maps in contemporary hand colouring. Five double page maps of Ireland, Mounster (Munster), Connachtia (Connacht), Ultonia (Ulster) and Lagenia (Leinster) and single page map of the Barony of Udrone in Carlow.

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1674: Navy Office letter relating to the 1666 Great Fire of London  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 13

Published Estimate: €300-400

Price Realised: €280

  • Medium: single page manuscript
  • Dimensions: 30 by 19cm., 12 by 7.5in.
  • Navy Office document signed by James Butler, Duke of Ormonde, Arthur Annesley, Earl of Anglesey and others refering to the precedent of compensation paid after the Great Fire of London in 1666. In relation to payment to be made to Nicholas Salter and other unnamed persons who owned several dwellings destroyed by fire in 1673

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1685?: Sir William Petty maps of Ireland  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 14

Published Estimate: €1000-1500

Price Realised: €1000

  • Maps of Ireland, Connaught, Munster and Leinster published by William Berry. Maps titled as “Surveyed By Sr. William Petty : Divided into its Counties and the Counties into their severall Barronies, Wherein are distinghished the Archbishopricks, Bishopricks, Citys, Places that return Parliament Men, also the Roads and Bridges”. Also with a less detailed map of Ulster from a different edition

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1691: London Gazette two issues relating to the Williamite Wars  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 15

Published Estimate: €300-500

Price Realised: €400

  • Medium: letterpress 2 pp
  • Dimensions: 29 by 17cm., 11.5 by 6.5in.
  • Two original rare issues of the London Gazette, 4 May and 20 August 1691. With interesting articles relating to the Williamite Wars in Ireland including the Siege of Limerick.

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1695: Penal Laws Irish parliament acts and statutes publication  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 16

Published Estimate: €200-300

Price Realised: €340

  • Medium: leather bound, letterpress
  • Dimensions: 28 by 19cm., 11 by 7.5in.
  • Scarce book of acts and statutes made in parliament at Dublin on the 7 August 1695 and printed by Andrew Crook Ormond Quay, Dublin. Including a number of penal laws: "an act for the better securing the government by disarming papists" and "an act to restrain foreign education", prohibiting Catholics from sending their children to be educated abroad. Missing two pages

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1719: Jame Fitzjames Duke of Berwick handwritten and signed letter  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 17

Published Estimate: €100-150

Price Realised: €100

  • Medium: single page manuscript
  • Dimensions: 23 by 17cm., 9 by 6.5in.
  • Letter in French dated the 20 March 1719 to M. Dandrezel giving instructions to supply De Bardou with what he requires. James Fitzjames was the illegitimate son of King James II a renowned military leader who fought at the Battle of the Boyne and was Colonel of the Irish Infantry Regiment of Berwick that served on the continent. With a separate engraved portrait

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1760 Grant to Lord Sackville the position of Keeper of the Phoenix Park. A contemporaneous manuscript copy, and later related documents including orders to kill deer in the park for the Lord Liutenant  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 18

Published Estimate: €400-600

Price Realised: €520

  • Medium: manuscript, various sizes
  • Includes 29 dockets dated 1849, imprinted with Royal Arms "to authorize and require you to Kill..One Fat Buck, out of Her Majesty's Park, called The Phoenix Park...and deliver the same for the use of The Lord Lieutenant", signed by Lord Carlisle and other Commissioners of Her Majesty's Woods, with accompanying letter from George Godden, the Deer keeper, and 1854 Phoenix Park accounts of expenditure, totalling £3,957.

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1773. A printed George III order by Lord Chancellor Deane and Lord Rigby, Master of the Rolls concerning Thomas Earl of Bective, and James Hamilton  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 19

Published Estimate: €100-150

Price Realised: €0


Drennan Letters 1775-1793. A transcription by Maria, Ruth and Dorothy Duffin. Unpublished  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 20

Published Estimate: €300-400

Price Realised: €300

  • Medium: typesript, cloth bound, two vols., pp304 and pp348
  • Dimensions: 27 by 21cm., 10.5 by 8.25in.
  • Foreword signed 'Ruth Duffin', a poem by John Swanwick Drennan 'On Reading Some Old Letters,' reproductions of portraits, a family tree, a dramatis personae, and notes. In later editions (Chart and Luddy/Agnew) the sequence of letters commences in 1776. The original letters are in the Public Records Office Northern Ireland (PRONI). A typed extract from a letter from Mrs. Duffin to her daughter Molly on August 5th 1918 attached to the bottom of page 7 reads: "I am writing this in the morning, a very unusual occurrence but the truth is I am out of a job. The old letters are finished as far as I can go, and the worst re-typed. Now they only await Ruth's revising hand over the latter half of them. Whether afterwards they retire into oblivion again, or see the light of day, is on the knees of the Gods, and can't be decided till after the war”. The Drennan letters consist of correspondence between William Drennan (1754-1820) and his sister 'Matty' Martha McTier (1742-1837). Both were ardent supporters of the Catholic Emancipation and the United Irishmen, William being one of the founders of the United Irishmen. He retired from the organisation before the Rebellion of 1798. According to the foreword to this transcript by Ruth Duffin about 1000 letters have been preserved - they give a vivid picture of the social and political life of Ireland during the period 1775 -1820, including an account of Dublin before the Union, as well as notes on Lord Edward Fitzgerald, the Emmets, Rowan Hamilton, Henry Grattan, Wolfe Tone and others. This typescript appears never to have been published. The authors were the granddaughters of William Drennan - daughters of John Swanwick (1809-1893) and his wife Emma Hincks, John being the youngest son of William Drennan and Sarah Swanwick. A unique and very interesting document.

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1909-1913: The Georgian Society records of 18th Century domestic architecture and decoration in Dublin  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 21

Published Estimate: €2000-3000

Price Realised: €2800

  • Medium: linen covers
  • Scare collection of five volumes. Volume 1 1909 limited edition of 300 copies, 63pp 100 plates. Volume 2 1910 limited edition of 400, 144pp 115 plates. Volume 3 1911 limited edition of 550, 135 pp 103 plates. Volume 4 1912 limited edition of 550, 125 pp 122 plates. Volume 5 limited edition of 600, 129 pp 139 plates.

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Douglas Bennett Irish Georgian Silver  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 22

Published Estimate: €200-300

Price Realised: €400

  • Medium: hardcover with dust jacket 369pp
  • Cassell, London 1972. First edition, signed by the author, of this excellent and rare guide book, profusely illustrated, with appendices of makers and marks.

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Carloviana - The Journal of the Old Carlow Society. A complete collection of issues 1960-1990.  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 23

Published Estimate: €200-300

Price Realised: €190

  • Medium: printed illustrated wrappers, 29 issues.
  • Dimensions: 29 by 21cm., 11.5 by 8.25in.
  • A most useful and scarce archive of local history articles and notes and illustrations. Complete from 1960 to 1990 (1982 was not published).

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Smith, Charles. The Ancient and Present State of the County and City of Waterford. Containing a Natural, Civil, Ecclesiastical, Historical and Topographical Description Thereof  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 24

Published Estimate: €150-250

Price Realised: €240


Richard Hayes Ireland and Irishmen in the French Revolution  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 25

Published Estimate: €100-150

Price Realised: €220


Circa 1800: Lord Alan Gardner naval oak cupboard  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 27

Published Estimate: €500-700

Price Realised: €0

  • Medium: carved oak
  • Dimensions: 38 by 29cm., 15 by 11.5in.
  • A naval oak, rum and tobacco cupboard inscribed with the family crest and motto "valet anchora virtus" of Alan Gardner, 1st Baron Gardner, Lord of Uttoxeter and Admiral of the Grand Fleet off Ireland. Well respected as one of the Royal Navy's most dashing frigate captains and later as a senior admiral. He began his career at the Battle of Quiberon Bay in 1759 during the Seven Years' War, while much of his later service was spent on American and West Indian stations. In 1778 whilst in command of the 'Maidstone' at Grenada he captured a large and heavily armed French ship and he also commanded the 'Sultan' at The Battle of Grenada in 1779 and the 'Duke' at the Battle of the Saintes in 1782, during the American War of Independence. Gardner was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the coast of Ireland in 1800 and of the Channel fleet in 1807.

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1798.An Hibernian Atlas; or General Description of the Kingdom of Ireland: Divided Into Provinces; with Its Sub-Divisions of Counties, Baronies &c.by Bernard Scale  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 28

Published Estimate: €1500-2000

Price Realised: €0

  • Medium: recess printed by Laurie & Whittle, engraved by Ellis and Palmer, calf spine with label, marbled boards
  • Dimensions: 24 by 20cm., 9.5 by 7.75in.
  • Provenance: Provenance:
  • “….shewing their Boundaries, Extent, Soil, Produce, Contents, Measure, Members of Parliament, and Numbers of Inhabitants; also the Cities, Boroughs, Villages, Mountains, Bogs, Lakes, Rivers and Natural Curiosities Together with the Great and Bye Post Roads. The Whole taken from actual Surveys and Observations by Bernard Scale, Land Surveyor and beautifully engraved on 78 Copper Plates by Messrs. Ellis and Palmer.” Engraved frontispiece, half title and 37 full page hand coloured maps including a map of Ireland, a map of each of the four Provinces of Leinster, Munster, Ulster and Connaught and a map of each of the 32 counties of Ireland.

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1798 (13 August) Duigenan's Answer to Grattan's Speech - Vernon Lovett's annotated copy  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 29

Published Estimate: €400-600

Price Realised: €380

  • Medium: bound with marbled boards, 246 pp
  • Dimensions: 23 by 14cm., 9 by 5.5in.
  • A fascinating and rare edition of "Duigenan's Answer to Grattan's Speech", Dublin 1798, with numerous handwritten, contemporary, anti-Grattan annotations and remarks by Verney Lovett Darby, Barrister-at-Law and MP for Gowran. First page signed and dated "Verney Lovett Dublin, Monday 13th Aug 1798". Bound with Grattan's address to the Catholics of Dublin and Grattan's address to his fellow citizens of Dublin, both with similar notes. An interesting and historically significant document.

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1779: Dublin Volunteers parade at College Green print  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 30

Published Estimate: €200-300

Price Realised: €320

  • Medium: lithograph, framed
  • Dimensions: 43 by 58cm., 17 by 23in.
  • Print from a painting by Francis Wheatley (1747-1801) and an engraving by Joseph Collyer (1748-1827) entitled Volunteers of the city and county of Dublin parading at College Green on the 4 November 1779.

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1798: Limited edition Henry Joy McCracken bust  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 31

Published Estimate: €500-700

Price Realised: €500

  • Medium: painted resin
  • Dimensions: 30 by 25cm., 12 by 10in.
  • 2008 limited edition bust of Henry Joy McCracken by Belfast artist Anto Brennan with certificate of authenticity confirming this artwork as number 5 of 20

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18th Century: Galway Militia shoulder belt plate  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 32

Published Estimate: €200-300

Price Realised: €560

  • Medium: brass
  • Dimensions: 7 by 6cm., 2.75 by 2.25in.
  • Oval shoulder belt plate with crowned Maid of Erin harp to the centre sourrounded by the words "Galway Militia". Single hook and pair of circular fixing studs to reverse

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18th Century: A rare Dublin Castle 'Brown Bess' musket  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 33

Published Estimate: €800-1000

Price Realised: €2400

  • Medium: Walnut and metal with brass trigger guard and butt plate
  • A rare Dublin Castle, British Army Land Pattern or 'Brown Bess' flintlock musket. Round steel barrel with foresight, GR cypher and inspectors' marks at the breech, rounded lock plate marked Dublin Castle across the rear and swan neck cock

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18th Century: Blunder Buss flintlock pistol with spring loaded bayonet  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 34

Published Estimate: €200-300

Price Realised: €600

  • Medium: brass barrel, wooden stock and grip
  • Blunder Buss flintlock pistol with integrated spring loaded bayonet. Hand decorated trigger guard and lock plate with no maker's name or other markings discernible.

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18th Century: Flintlock Pistol  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 35

Published Estimate: €150-250

Price Realised: €320


18th Century: Gunpowder pouch.  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 36

Published Estimate: €100-150

Price Realised: €100


William IV: British Infantry Officers Sword  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 37

Published Estimate: €300-500

Price Realised: €300

  • Medium: Brass hilt with folding sideguard and Royal cypher, leather and wire grip
  • 1822 pattern British infantry officers sword made by Prosser of London, with a decorated curved fullered blade. Hilt marked "1824"

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19th Century: Irish percussion sporting musket  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 38

Published Estimate: €300-500

Price Realised: €380


19th Century: Light cavalry sabre  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 39

Published Estimate: €100-150

Price Realised: €100


1799 (5 March) Handwritten and signed letter by Lord Kilwarden, killed during the 1803 Emmet rebellion  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 40

Published Estimate: €200-300

Price Realised: €360

  • Medium: single page manuscript
  • Dimensions: 24 by 19cm., 9.5 by 7.5in.
  • Rare letter written by Viscount Kilwarden from Dublin dated the 5th of March 1799 to a friend about financial affairs, payment of rent in Wickow after the 1798 Rebellion and describing his money problems as "a calamity that you suffer in common with the inhabitants of this miserable country". During the Robert Emmet 1803 Rebellion Viscount Kilwarden, then Lord Chief Justice of Ireland, was travelling to Dublin when his carriage was stopped by rebels. On being recognised he was attacked and killed along with his nephew.

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1874-1881: Kildare Rifles Glengarry other ranks glengarry badge  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 40.2

Published Estimate: €100-150

Price Realised: €0

  • Medium: die stamped blackened brass
  • Crowned strap with “Kildare Rifles”, in the centre two serpents and motto "Prudens et Serpens". One loop missing to reverse. Kildare Rifles later became the 3rd Battalion Royal Dublin Fusiliers. Scarce.

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1803. Robert Emmet's Proclamation. One of the rarest Irish revolutionary documents extant. "The Provisional Government TO THE PEOPLE OF IRELAND"  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 41

Published Estimate: €30000-50000

Price Realised: €25000

  • Medium: letterpress, framed
  • Dimensions: 53 by 44cm., 21 by 17.5in.
  • Provenance: Provenance:The Wolfe family, Forenaughts House, Co. Kildare; Forenaughts House contents auction 1994; Private collection
  • Theobald Wolfe of Forenaughts House was the godfather of Theobald Wolfe Tone, the son of Peter Tone, a coach builder who married a companion of Wolfe's wife. It is interesting that the Wolfe family should have retained this seditious document, given that Arthur Wolfe, the first Baron Kilwarden, and first cousin of Theobald Wolfe, was, along with his nephew, killed by rebels during the insuurection of 1803. (see lot 40 in this sale)

    The last member of the Wolfe family to live at Forenaughts, was Emily Maud Wolfe, the daughter of Cumann na nGaedhal TD George Wolfe and proudly counted amongst her ancestors Theobald Wolfe Tone and the famous General James Wolfe who was killed during the Seven Year’s War. Up until her death on the 28th of April 1980 she regularly attended the Bodenstown commemorations.

    Robert Emmet was born in Dublin in 1778. After attending Whyte’s Academy, in the company of Thomas Moore, Arthur Wellesley (later the Duke of Wellington) and Richard Brinsley Sheridan, , he entered Trinity College, Dublin in October 1793 and became involved in political activism. He was elected secretary to the secret United Irish Committee in the college, and was expelled in April 1798 as a result and fled to France to avoid the many arrests that were taking place in Ireland after the 1798 Rebellion. After his return to Ireland Emmet began to prepare for rebellion with fellow revolutionaries Thomas Russell and James Hope. Unlike in 1798, the preparations for the uprising were successfully concealed, but a premature explosion at one of Emmet's arms depots killed a man and forced Emmet to bring forward the date of the rising before the authorities' suspicions were aroused. As part of the preparations Emmet wrote this proclamation addressing it from “The Provisional Government to The People of Ireland”. It began by reiterating republican sentiments expressed during the previous rebellion and calling on the Irish population to claim their right to independence “You are now called on to show to the world that you are competent to take your place among nations, that you have a right to claim their recognisance of you, as an independent country ... We therefore solemnly declare, that our object is to establish a free and independent republic in Ireland: that the pursuit of this object we will relinquish only with our lives ... We war against no religious sect ... We war against English dominion.” The Proclamation not only served as a call to arms but also as an interim constitution and is remarkably forward thinking in terms of constitutional law. The lines “we will not imitate you in cruelty; we will put no man to death in cold blood, the prisoners which first fall into our hands shall be treated with the respect” predates the first Geneva Convention by 60 years, which is considered today as the basis on which rest the rules of international law for the protection of the victims of armed conflicts on the treatment of prisoners of war. Seán Ó Brádaigh, in his 2003 book recording the life of Emmet, Bold Robert Emmet, put forward his argument that the proclamation contains ‘a moral framework’ for those ‘unfortunate but sometimes necessary events in human life’. .

    Shortly after the rebellion began it disintegrated into little more than a riot, in stark contrast to the beliefs and ideals that Emmet displayed in the proclamation. Emmet was unable to secure the help of rebels from Wicklow under the command of United Irishmen leader Michael Dwyer and many rebels from Kildare who had arrived to help, turned back due to the lack of firearms they had been promised. Nonetheless the rising went ahead in Dublin on the evening of 23 July 1803. Failing to seize Dublin Castle, which was lightly defended, the rising amounted to a large-scale riot in the Thomas Street area. Emmet personally witnessed a dragoon being pulled from his horse and piked to death, the sight of which prompted him to call off the rising to avoid further bloodshed. However he had lost all control of his followers and in one incident, the Lord Chief Justice of Ireland, Lord Kilwarden (see lot 40), reviled as chief prosecutor of William Orr in 1797, but also the judge who granted habeas corpus to Wolfe Tone in 1798, was dragged from his carriage and hacked to death. Sporadic clashes continued into the night until finally quelled by the military at the estimated cost of twenty soldiers and fifty rebels dead. After being captured Emmet was put on trial and made no attempt to defend himself however he requested that his Proclamation of the Provisional Government be read out in open court as it reflected his beliefs, morals and aspirations. It expressed his views on the rebellion, and emphasised his humanitarian concerns about the treatment of prisoners and the conduct of the republican government. The proclamation however was one which the British authorities had no intention of giving any publicity to and Emmet’s request to have it read was rejected by the court. However Emmet did manage to integrate direct quotations and paraphrased parts of his proclamation into his famous speech from the dock. He detailed the actions of the past eight months, the attempt to wrest power from England ‘with their own hands’, the point that foreign assistance was not ‘the foundation of the present exertion’ and referred to Ireland taking its place among the nations of the earth. Emmet was found guilty of treason and was hung, drawn and quartered – one of the last convicts to suffer this barbaric execution - on 20 September 1803 in Thomas Street, Dublin. Due to the destruction and suppression of the proclamation it never fully received the status and acknowledgment as the hugely important historical document that it is. It provided inspiration for Pádraig Pearse in writing the 1916 Proclamation and summed up Emmet’s remarkable opinions, some of which could be described as too modern to be accepted or understood in 1803.

    Approximately 10,000 copies of the proclamation are reputed to have been secretly printed on Emmet’s orders on 23 July 1803, but the British authorities went to great efforts in order to ensure that its content was suppressed and they were nearly all destroyed. It is hard to believe that so many were printed clandestinely, and it is far more likely, as in the case of the 1916 Proclamation, that the numbers printed were in the hundreds. As far as we have been able to ascertain there are three examples in private hands, of which the present example is one. About 500 copies of the 1916 Proclamation were printed, of which some fifty survive, mainly in public collections. We can find no record of an example of the 1803 Proclamation in either the National Library of Ireland, The National Museum of Ireland or Trinity College Library. As the penalty for possession of the 1803 Proclamation was very harsh, and could even, in certain circumstances, lead to the gallows, there were few prepared to keep it, which has made it one of the rarest, if not the rarest important printed document of Irish revolutionary history.

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1806 (1 November) Napoloeonic Wars - An extremely rare British War Office army recruiting poster in the Irish language.  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 42

Published Estimate: €1500-2000

Price Realised: €2000

  • Medium:  letterpress by Abraham Bradley King, Dame Street, Dublin, framed
  • Dimensions: 70 by 56cm., 27.5 by 22in.
  • Provenance: Provenance:The Wolfe family, Forenaughts House, Co. Kildare; Forenaughts House contents auction 1994; Private collection
  • The Wolfe family, Forenaughts House, Co. Kildare, since 1803; The Estate of Miss Maud Wolfe, Forenaughts House; Sale by auction of the contents of Forenaughts House, Hamilton & Hamilton, 23 September 1980, whence acquired by the present owner.

    Recruitment poster printed by Abraham Bradley King, Dame Street, Dublin in November 1806. An extremely scarce example of attempts by the British Army to find recruits in Irish speaking areas of the country. It describes in detail the different branches of the army that a recruit could join, pay and conditions, service abroad, pensions etc. The United Kingdom's struggle with France during the Napoleonic wars required the British Army to expand rapidly. Ordinary recruiting methods failed to supply the number of men required to fill the Army ranks. Generals called for conscription for the first time in British History, although this was never enacted for the regular army. These problems with recruitment would remain a constant theme during the Napoleonic wars, and the British Army looked everywhere they could, including the Irish speaking areas of Ireland, to try and find new recruits.

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1806-1838 indentures concerning property in Counties Louth, Monaghan and Tipperary  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 43

Published Estimate: €100-150

Price Realised: €0

  • Medium: manuscript, various sizes
  • 1806 indenture between Patrick McLoughlin, brewer of Drogheda and Patrick Kerwan and Nicholas Flinn, linen weavers of Drogheda, for a house on the south side of West Street, Joshua Edmundson of Dublin to Thomas Miller of Birr and William Evans of Roscrea for land and buildings near the town of Roscrea, 1838 between Edward Wall and Rev. John Patrick Kearney both of Dublin for lands in the Parish of Clonnish, Barony of Dartry, Co. Monaghan, 1836 Rev. John Patrick Kearney of Dublin and John Ross of Island, Co. Monaghan, for lands and a house at Island formerly belonging to Kearney's late father,

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1806-1820: Henry Grattan handwritten and signed letter  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 44

Published Estimate: €200-300

Price Realised: €200

  • Medium: single page manuscript
  • Dimensions: 18 by 23cm., 7 by 9in.
  • Signed letter sent from Stephen's Green Dublin dated 26 December from the famous Henry Grattan, opponent of the act of union the only Irish politician to have a period of parliamentary history named after him.

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18th and 19th Century collection of manuscript legal documents including wills, leases, indentures, mainly City and County of Dublin including Adamstown, Balbriggan, King Street, Church Street, etc.  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 45

Published Estimate: €500-700

Price Realised: €0

  • Includes 1794 Indenture between Charles Keating of Balbriggan and John Monks of Rush, 1805 lease of house at North King Street Michael Coghlan to Richard Farrell and 1834 similar lease Marcus Curtis to Patrick Kiernan 1824 indenture between Marcus Curtis of Nuttstown to John Stringer North King Street, 1824 title deeds of house in Church Street for Esther Callon of Nuttstown, 1834 assignment of a plot on the canal at Portobello on the Rathmines Road between Samuel Winter of Tullyan, Edward Berwick of Fitzwilliam Street, Rev. John Patrick Kearney of Francis Street, and Henry Grattan of Stephen's Green (son of the famous parliamentarian), 1817 conveyance Nicholas King and Christopher Corbally to John Rooney and Rev. Patrick Corcoran and Marcus Curtis concerning lands of Nuttstown, Adamstown and Westown, Co. Dublin, 1837 indenture Dame Anne Frances Falkiner to Marcus Curtis for house on North King Street, 1835 indenture between Christopher Edward Wall, surgeon, of Camden Street and Rev. John Patrick Kearney of Francis Street for parks and fields of the Farm of St Sepulchure in the parish of St. Kevin, Co. Dublin, 1856 conveyance with map from Commissioners of Encumbered Estates to Patrick Sweetman for Strawberry Lodge and surrounding lands, Hoganswood and Firmount, Co. Kildare, 1836 will of Patrick McGarry of Merrion Row, etc. (17 items).

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1810 list of "Petit Jury Summer Assizes", County Carlow, signed by Benjamin Disraeli, Sheriff.  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 46

Published Estimate: €200-300

Price Realised: €150

  • Medium: manuscript, pp3
  • Dimensions: 29 by 10cm., 11.5 by 3.75in.
  • Benjamin Disraeli of Carlow was uncle to the British Prime Minister of the same name. He was born in England circa 1770, and operated a very successful Lottery office in Dublin. By 1800 he was a very wealthy man and owned a lot of property in Dublin. He lived at Bettyville House, Carlow, where he was appointed High Sheriff in 1810. His nephew Benjamin Disraeli (“Dizzy”) served twice as Conservative Prime Minister.

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1816-1850: Collection of Irish documents, indentures and manuscripts  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 47

Published Estimate: €300-500

Price Realised: €0

  • A collection of various documents including, legal submissions to court by James Fitzgerald Massey of Stoneville, Co. Limerick. Poor rates manuscripts for Red Cow, Dublin, Dublin bill heads, 1828 notes of evidence against Fanny Flood for abandoning a new born baby at Carlow, 1819 Dublin Castle letter and 1819 depositions.

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1816-1836. Poteen Making. A collection of documents including statements by Excise Officers, affidavits, charges etc.  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 48

Published Estimate: €300-500

Price Realised: €480

  • Medium: manuscript and letterpress, various sizes
  • One statement by Excise officers relates to the discovery of an unlicensed "still head and worm of a still" and "640 Gallons of Pot-ale" and "200 Gallons of Singlings". Interesting accounts of raids on illegal distilleries and breweries by the Excise and attacks by mobs, in one case allegedly 400 strong, angry at the deprivation of their grog. Fascinating archive. (12 items)

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1827: Butler's Atlas of Ancient and Classical Geography  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 49

Published Estimate: €200-300

Price Realised: €0

  • Medium: Marbled boards
  • Dimensions: 22 by 15cm., 8.5 by 6in.
  • A scarce early edition of The Atlas of Ancient and Classical Geography by Samuel Butler published by Longman, London with twenty maps including Britain, France, Italy, Africa

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1829-1849: Political Sketches by "H.B." (John Doyle)  

Auction Date / Lot No.: 16 April 2011 / 50

Published Estimate: €1500-1800

Price Realised: €0

  • Medium: quarter leather bound, marbled boards
  • Dimensions: 30 by 43cm., 12 by 17in.
  • Nine large oblong folio volumes of Political Sketches by "H.B." (John Doyle). 1829/1849 published by T.McLean,London. Containing 926 full page lithographs, many tinted, of Irish & English politicians a number of Daniel O'Connell.

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